Written and Spoken English Language Essay
726 WordsNov 18th, 20083 Pages
Written and Spoken English Language
The English language consists both of written and spoken features. Until recently, items and structures most typically found in spoken language have not been fully described. Most grammars of English have had a bias towards the written language.
They are many differences between spoken and written English. Text A and B show written and spoken versions of an account of a days activities.
Text A is a written account of these activities, while Text B is a transcript of the spoken account.
The major differences between spoken and written English are, sentences in the written sense for example units beginning with capital letters, consisting of at least one main clause and ending in a full stop are…show more content…
Examples of this can be found in Text B, here she mentions ‘..started with er the getting my dinners on (3.0) er was pretty straightforward then..’
Here we know what the speaker is talking about, however if this was written text then the opening ‘was pretty straightforward’ makes no sense to the reader.
Another major distinction between spoken English and written English is the omission or slurring of syllables in the spoken language, this is called Elision.
Words like ‘going to’ are slurred to ‘gonna’ and ‘want to be’ to ‘wannabe’ this is very common in speech as this is deliberately done to elide the sounds of the words for accent, regional dialect ect. The use of contracted forms are never used in the standard written English, examples of elision cannot be found in Text B as the speaker seems rarely do this.
Written English is a complicated formation of manly grammar. In Text A, the written account of the speakers activities, she uses very little grammar; with no clauses, pauses for breath, or barely any use of punctuation. The paragraph is very basic, while the sentence structure and depth is kept simple.
There could be many reasons for this, the speaker maybe illiterate with very little knowledge, or
Features of Spoken Language That Are Significantly Different From Written Language
2395 Words10 Pages
This paper serves as an introductory investigation into the grammar of spoken English. More specifically, this paper will analyze selected features of spoken language which are significantly different from written language or features of spoken language not found in written language. The features analyzed also have a high rate of occurrence in the spoken language. The ultimate goal of this investigation is the development of English Language Teaching materials which will address the features detailed.
What is the hallmark of fluency? Certainly no one is ever judged as fluent without showing competence in the production of acceptably fluent speech. Standard English is not a widely spoken variety; it is mostly…show more content…
For this paper, I have chosen to investigate some features of the spoken language which are highly common in the conversation register or are typically exclusive to the spoken language. First, I will discuss some of the high frequency lexical verbs in the spoken language, both single and multi-word. Next, I will investigate lexical bundles which commonly occur in the spoken language. Lastly, I will present some smaller units which occur frequently in spoken language and serve purposes which are not typically used in writing.
The Usual Suspects
Despite the huge number of verbs available in the English language, there are a small number of verbs which occur with a relatively high frequency in conversation. Here I am only considering lexical verbs as opposed to auxiliary or modal verbs, which are also common, albeit for different reasons. Of all the single-word lexical verbs, get is the most frequently used in the spoken register, and it is also the single most common verb in any register with more than 9000 occurrences per million words. In addition to its high frequency, get also has a wide range of uses. It can be used when referring to obtaining something, moving to or away from something, causing something to move or happen, changing from one state to another, or understanding something.
Say is the most common verb over all registers, and it is one of the next most frequent