Coal Power Plant Essays

Polluting Power Plants Essay

Air Pollutant Power Plants Are Becoming A Problem Many risks are held with the pollution of the earth. Power plants are a main contributor to the air pollution. Every year in Massachusetts 1,000 people are killed from air pollution. Do we really need power this bad to kill people and the earth, the earth that we tread on? The three major risks at hand from polluting power plants are global warming, acid rain and human health issues.

Global warming is beginning to become a rising concern across this planet. Every year the average temperature rises approximately 3 degrees Fahrenheit. This rise in temperature is due to the air pollution in the sky trapping in extra heat. This heat collects and after awhile there is a rise in temperature. All of this air pollution that is being collected is also depleting the o-zone layer. The o-zone layer is the thin atmosphere that protects us from the sun¡®s radiation. The sun gives off extreme radiation that would be impossible to live through if it wasn¡®t for the o-zone layer. If this trend continues there will be the melting of the ice caps. You might think that doesn¡¯t matter much, but it really makes a difference. After the polar ice caps melt the sea level will rise and parts of coastal areas may be flooded and forever lost. Many large cities are built around coastal areas because the temperature stays very constant in those areas. Think about Silicon Valley, soon it might be called Silicon Lake or Silicon Bay.

Have you ever heard of acid rain? I¡¯m sure you have, but I¡¯m not so sure if everyone is aware of what the effects of acid rain are. Acid Rain, as you may know, is from the collection of air pollution inside rain clouds that is then plummeted back down to earth in the form of rain. This rain is then dropped into soil and destroys crops. Sometimes this rain travels into lakes and ponds, killing of all the fish. There are many power plants in...

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The Argument For Nuclear Energy Essay

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The Use of Wind Power Should Not be Encouraged (with counter arguments)

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Title: A Change in Power Plants...

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Air Pollution and the Economy

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Renewable Energy

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The Destruction of the Planet and the Possibility of Reform

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Should We Fix Acid Rain? What is acid rain and its causes? Should we fix it? By who and how should it be fixed?

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Geographic Distribution of Natural Resources for Energy Production

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Hybrid Cars

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The effects of acid rain on nature, humans and our environment

1106 words - 4 pages Acid rain has been around for several centuries, but is causing more destruction throughout our environment now than ever before. Acid rain is produced by the releases of Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). These two gases once realised into the atmosphere combine and react with water, oxygen and oxidant compounds in the atmosphere. The reaction can take hours or even...

Sustainable Cities?

1685 words - 7 pages Earth is a planet full of resources that organisms have shared over millions of years. The problem is that human activity is increasing pollution and carbon footprint, largely on the last years. How is this affecting us and other organisms? To find the answer to this question there has to be a clear definition about carbon footprint and pollution. Carbon footprint is the amount of gases that are released during human activities, gases such as...

The production of electricity through the combustion of coal is one of the oldest and cheapest methods to produce electricity. Coal supplies are plentiful and will be available to produce electricity for hundreds of years. While conventional supplies of oil and natural gas are expected to run out in the near future. This has cause a growth in nuclear power. Through out this report one will also learn the disadvantages and advantages to coal burning power plant and how they operate.

Coal has played a major role in electricity production ever since the first power plants were built in the world in the 1880's. The earliest power plant used hand feed wood or coal to heat boiler and produce steam. This steam was used in reciprocation steam engines which turned generators to produce electricity. In the 1920's Pulverized-coal firing was developed which brought advantages that included higher combustion temperatures, improved thermal efficiency, and a lower requirement for excess air for combustion. In the 1940's the cyclone furnace was developed which allowed the combustion of poorer grade coal with less ash production and greater overall efficiency. Improvements in efficiency have continued to occur throughout the years. But overall, electricity production from coal is based on the same methods started over 100 years ago, but the improvements in all areas have brought coal power to be the inexpensive power source used so widely today( Electricity from coal).

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There are three predominate methods of burning coal to make steam, power turbine, and generate electricity. Most coal power plants either burn pulverized coal blown into a boiler or use cyclone furnaces to burn coal in a vortex of air. The current trend for new coal power plant is to use fluidized bed combustion which has a number of advantages over the other methods (Electricity from coal).

In the Pulverized coal system the coal burning has been pulverized into a fine powder stem, it will burn almost as easily and efficiently as a gas. The feeding rate of coal is according to boiler demand and the amount of air available for drying and transporting the pulverized coal fuel is controlled by computers. Pieces of coal are crushed between balls or cylindrical rollers that move between two tracks or "races". The raw coal is then fed into the pulverizer along with air heated to about 650 degrees F from the boiler. As the coal gets crushed by the rolling action, the hot air dries it and blows the usable fine powder out to be used as fuel. The powdered coal from the pulverizer is directly blown to a burner in the boiler. The burner mixes the powder coal in the air suspension with additional pre-heated combustion air and forces it out of a nozzle. Under operating conditions, there is enough heat in the combustion one to ignite all the incoming fuel (Coal Fired).

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The Cyclone furnaces were developed after pulverized coal systems and require less processing of the coal fuel. The crushed coal feed is either stored temporarily in bins or transported directly to the cyclone furnace. The furnace is basically a large cylinder jacketed with water pipes that absorb the some of the heated to make steam and protect the burner itself from melting down. A high powered fan blows the heated air and chucks of coal into one end of the cylinder. At the same time additional heated combustion air is injected along the curved surface of the cylinder causing the coal and air mixture to swirl in a centrifugal "cyclone" motion. The whirling of the air and coal enhances the burning properties producing high heat densities and high combustion temperatures. The hot combustion gases leave the other end of the cylinder and enter the boiler to heat the water filled pipes and produce steam. Some slag remains on the walls insulating the burners and directing the heat into the boiler while the rest drains through a trench in the bottom to a collection tank. This ability to collect ash is the biggest advantage to the cyclone furnace burning process. Only 40% of the ash leaves with the exhaust gases compared with 80% for pulverized coal burning. But on the other hand Pulverized coal burning produces less nitrogen oxide pollutants than the Cyclone furnaces (Coal fired).

Both the pulverized coal and cyclone furnaces emphasized maximizing coal and air interaction in the combustion chamber in order to maximize combustion efficiency.

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The fluidized bed combustors continue this trend, and at the same time attempt to vastly decrease the combustion pollutants of coal. In the Fluidized bed combustion, crushed coal between Ð'ј' and Ð'Ñ*' in size is injected into a bed above a grate-like air distributor. Air is injected upward through the grate lifting and suspending the solid particles. The bed continues to expand allowing a greater air flow rate until an equilibrium position is reached. At this point the particles can move freely, and the bed behaves like fluid. "Bubbles" of air moving upward through the relatively dense "fluid" of particles serve to rapidly mix materials added to the bed and transfer heat rapidly from one part of the bed to another. About half of the heat generated is transferred to in-bed tubes and the hat gases leaving the bed pass through other tubes. Some unburned carbon particles and ash escape with the gases, but they are recaptured in a grit arrestor of cyclone separator and reinject it into the bed to improve combustion efficiency (Coal Fired).

There are several advantages fluidized bed combustion has over other combustion techniques. When limestone is added directly to the fluidized bed it effectively absorbs sulfur dioxide, a major pollutant from sulfur deposits in the coal. Fluidized bed combustors operate at relatively low temperatures resulting in lower emission of nitrogen oxides and less ash fouling of heat transfer surfaces.

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Coal plants using fluidized beds are more economical to construct as they don't require expensive pulverization equipment or scrubbers to control sulfur dioxide emission, and they are typically much more compact than conventional plant as the fluidized bed is much more efficient in transferring heat than conventional boilers (Electricity from coal).

Now how does coal burning impact our environment? Coal mining causes severe erosion, resulting in the leaching of toxic chemicals into


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