Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H.Rob.
Robinson, H.E. (1990) Proceedings Biological Society Washington 103: 252. Type: ?.
Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less., Linnaea 4: 291(1829), Type: ?. Conyza cinerea L., Species Plantarum: 862(1753), Type: ?.
Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but occasionally flowers as a shrub about 1 m tall.
Stems, twigs, petioles and leaves densely clothed in white woolly hairs. Leaf blades about 2.5-4.5 x 1.5-3 cm, tapering very gradually into the petiole, petioles about 0.3-0.5 cm long. Leafy stems longitudinally ribbed and clothed in pale medifixed hairs.
Inflorescence a panicle or cyme of heads. Heads surrounded by several rows of green, hairy bracts. All flowers, 20-30, in each head hermaphroditic. Flowers about 5 mm long. Calyx reduced to a pappus (about 30 bristles, each about 3 mm long) each bristle microscopically barbed. Corolla tube about 4 mm long. Anthers fused, filaments free. Pollen white. Ovary hairy. Stigma 2-armed.
Achene hairy, about 1.5-2 mm long, pappus about 4 mm long, persistent at the apex. Bristles of pappus microscopically barbed. Embryo about 1 mm long.
Cotyledons broadly ovate to elliptic, about 4-6 x 4-5 mm. Stem above the cotyledons and both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf blades clothed in bifid hairs. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf margins toothed and undulate. Plant densely clothed in long white hairs, upper surface of the leaf blade more sparsely clothed than the lower surface.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from near sea level to 1000 m. Usually grows in open forest but sometimes found in monsoon forest and vine thickets. Also occurs in Asia, Malesia and the Pacific islands.
This species may have some medicinal uses. (http://www.vedamsbooks.com/no11386.htm)
Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Dasapushpam (from Sanskritdasa, meaning 'ten', and pushpam, meaning 'flower'), or the ten sacred flowers of Kerala, are ten herbs traditionally significant to Keralites, the people of Kerala, India. These herbs are found almost everywhere in Kerala, especially in the Western Ghats region. They are used for decorative purposes, such as making the floral carpet pookalam during festivals like Onam.
These ten flowers are also used to prepare folk medicines in Kerala. Some people use fenugreek, while others use dasapushpam and other herbs.
The ten plants are:
Although the Malayalam names refer to the flowers, the medicinal value lies in the leaves in most cases.
Extracts of Ipomoea sepiaria leaves feature antimicrobial activity. The extract was tested on bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.