World War 1 facts for kids learning KS2 at Primary School. Homework help about history of the Great War, how it ended and Remembrance Day
Time: 28th July 1914 – 11th November 1918
World War 1 was also known as The Great War. It had more countries involved in the war than any other war. More than 65 million men fought in the war. Over 9 million soldiers were killed and 21 million men wounded.
So how did the war start? There was always problems with Britain, France and Russia on one side and Germany and Austria-Hungary on the other. But on 28the June 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austrian throne) was shot by a Serbian student.
Obviously the Austrians were not happy and with Germanys help they attacked Serbia. Russia then stepped in to help Serbia and the two sides were at war.
All about World War1, life about the children who lived through the war, family life during the war and famous figures.
Watch animations on a famous footballer in the army, a nurse who risked her life to save others and the toys children played with during the war and more.
The German/Austrian side soon moved to northern France. Here the war didn’t move any further for four years. This was known as the Western Front.
By this time many countries were involved. With Germany and Austria-Hungary were Turkey and Bulgaria. And with Britain, France and Russia were Italy, Greece and Portugal. The war also extended with fighting in Africa and the Middle East.
German submarines sank any ship going to a British port. Some of the ships were American. This caused the Americans to join the war in 1917. This was now The Greatest War of all time.
Most of us are fairly well versed on many of the facts of Word War I, but there are some that are so quirky that we don’t know about them.
Horrible Histories – Frightful First World War
Answering questions like, why did it start? Who had the biggest army in the war? And, who were the heroes of the war?
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The war ended when the Russians were exhausted by the war and make peace with Germany. Germany continued to attack on the Western Front but they were forced back and Germany surrendered on 11th November 1918. The war finally ended.
Every year on 11th November we wear poppies and remember the millions of people that fought in this war and all the others since. This is called remembrance day.
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World War 1 was a new kind of war, with new and deadlier weapons having a devastating effect on all sides. The tactics of previous wars did not apply as this was a war of stalemate and attrition, not one of movement and flight. The Western Front which ran from the Channel coast to Switzerland was almost 420 miles long but only 20 miles wide at the widest point. This thin piece of land was constantly fought over for four years and when the war was over, most of it resembled the surface of the moon more than the peaceful, green agricultural land it had been at the start of 1914.
Living conditions for the soldiers were dreadful in the trenches, often wading up to their knees in foul-smelling slime which froze in the winter. In many places they were surrounded by corpses as there was no time to bury the dead and they were often incorporated into the trench walls.
New weapons caused devastation amongst the soldiers, poison gas could overcome them silently as they slept, causing terrible breathing difficulties and blindness and eventually death. Shrapnel (pieces of metal) caused serious wounds but the gas gangrene which often followed it because it took so long for soldiers to get to a hospital was even worse. A new disease unseen before, the treatment which had been used in previous wars did not work, even amputation could not stop the spread of the disease and death was often the result. Amputation which had long been the treatment of choice for battlefield injuries could not be applied to many soldiers in the First World War as they had severe facial injuries. The war inspired medical science to improve old treatments and find new ones.
Here is a list of the countries who fought for the Allies - Great Britain and the Countries of the British Empire, (Australia, New Zealand, Canada, New Foundland, South Africa, India), Russia,France, Belgium, Italy, USA, Japan, Roumania, Serbia, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro.
Here is a list of the Central Powers who fought against the Allies - Germany, Austria Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria.
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