Referencing Research Paper Harvard Style Reference

2017 Harvard Journal article reference – video transcript

Slide 1 This video will demonstrate how to reference a journal article  using Victoria University’s Harvard style.

Slide 2 Image on screen: In text- example. Open Bracket first author’s surname name, second author’s surname ampersand third authors surname year close bracket. Reference list example. Explanation: In Harvard Style you must acknowledge your sources of information in the text of your writing and in a reference list at the end. Brief details of your sources are provided in the text of your writing, full details are listed in the reference list. References in your reference list are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name.

Slide 3 Image on screen: Paragraph of text. Explanation: When presenting ideas or information from a source, include the authors’ surname and date of publication in brackets within the text of your writing. Where you refer to the author’s name in the body of the text, include the date of publication in brackets. When quoting directly from the source include the page number and place quotation marks around the quote.

Slide 4 Text on screen: Journal article details. Print and from electronic database. Image on screen: Database search page

Slide 5 Texton screen: Step 1 Author. Image on screen: Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Author’s name highlighted and added to Step 1 text box. First author’s surname, initial, second authors surname and initial ampersand third authors surname and initials. Explanation: When creating a reference for a journal article to  include in a reference list the first element is the author’s name.  Include each authors’ surname, followed by their initials.

Slide 6 Texton screen: Step 2 date of publication. Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Date of publication highlighted, publication year added to Step 2 text box.

Slide 7 Texton screen: Step 3 Article title. Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Article title in single quotation marks highlighted and added to Step 3 text box

Slide 8 Texton screen: Step 4 journal title. Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Journal title highlighted and added to Step 4 text box

Slide 9 Texton screen: Step 5 Volume and issue number. Journal article citation and abstract from database page Volume & issue number highlighted and added to Step 5 text box. Vol.(abbreviation) number, no. (abbreviation) number,

Slide 10 Texton screen: Step 6 page numbers. Journal article citation and abstract from database page. Page numbers highlighted and added to Step 6. pp. (abbreviation) page number.

Slide 11 Texton screen: Elements of a reference. Author’s name, date, Article title, Journal title (in italics), volume, issue number, page numbers. Reference example: Grohe, B, Schroeder, J & Davis, SRB 2013, ‘Using online resources to improve writing  skills and attitudes about writing and plagiarism of criminal justice students’,  Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 23-45.

Slide 12 More detailed information on Harvard referencing is available on the VU Harvard Libguide ( or go to contacts and help on the Library website to contact Library staff.

(video ends)

Harvard is a commonly used method of referencing, which uses the Author-Date system.


Which Harvard style?

Note: Harvard has been adapted to suit many different publication styles. The style used in this guide follows the standard prescribed by the following manual:
Snooks & Co. 2002, Style manual for authors, editors and printers, 6th edn. John Wiley & Sons, Milton, Qld.This is the official style followed in most Australian Government publications.


Which style does my Faculty or School use?

Some Schools require a different style from the one outlined here. Use the citation style  required by your Faculty or School.


Why Reference your sources?

It is important to reference the sources you use for essays and reports, so that the reader can follow your arguments and check your sources.  It is essential to correctly acknowledge the author when quoting or using other people’s ideas in your work.


How do I use Harvard?



  1. In-text citations are made like this


Paraphrasing and in-text citations

The point made by an analytic philosopher (O'Connor 1969, p. 32) is that values cannot be justified in this way. However Kneller (1963b, p. 102) insists that the theorist will inevitably be involved in value claims. 


Note: Page, chapter or section numbers may be included in the in-text citation if the cited work is long and the information helps the reader locate the relevant information.

When the authors name is mentioned in-text (eg. Kneller in the example above) add year and page numbers only to the in-text reference.

Entries that have the same author and year are noted by adding a, b, c etc to the year, both in-text eg. Kneller (1963b, p. 102) and in the Reference List (see entries in Reference List below).


Direct quotes and in-text citations 

‘Having a solid plan as part of research design is essential’ (Hatch 2002, p. 46).
Hatch (2002, p. 46) believes ‘having a solid plan as part of research design is essential.’


 Note: Always include page numbers when citing a quotation and enclose the quote in single quotation marks.


Block quotes and in-text citations


Inductive analysis is discussed:
            Inductive thinking proceeds from the specific to the general.  Understandings are generated by starting with specfic
          elements and finding connections among them.  To argue inductively is to begin with particular pieces of evidence,
          then pull them together into a meaningful whole.  Inductive data analysis is a search for patterns of meaningful data so
          the general statements about phenomena under investigation can be made (Hatch 2002, p. 161).

 Note: Place a quotation of 30 or more words in your work as a free standing block.  These quotes are usually indented eg. 5 spaces and are in a smaller font eg. 1 pt smaller than the surrounding text.  Do not enclose the quote in quotation marks.


  1. Reference lists, at the end of your paper, are made like this (arrange your list alphabetically by author).

Hatch, JA 2002, Doing qualitative research in education settings. State of , .

Kneller, JP 1963a, Is logical thinking logical? Ponsonby & Partridge, Dubbo.

-----1963b, ‘Thinking and logical interaction’, Brain Logic, vol. 257, no. 4, pp. 54-62.

O'Connor, DJ 1969, An introduction to the philosophy of education, Routledge & Kegan Paul, .

[See the sample Reference list].

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